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Reclaimed Stone Definitions

RECLAIMED STONE

Old stone that has been salvaged from roads, bridges, etc., which are no longer in use, and are repurposed to create something new. Granite, limestone and sandstone are the most common reclaimed stone types.

Table of Contents

Curbing

Curbing

Stone, generally in cubic forms, bordering streets, walks, etc. Also called curbstone and “kerbing.”

First-generation Curbing

From 1860 or older. Generally, someone worked the stone by hand to a specific specification. It has a chunkier, more irregular shape.

Second-generation Curbing

Less handwork, but some. Top is sawn.

Third-generation Curbing

Mechanically made, with precise saw blocks and large splitters. The end product is more uniform and true.

Curbing Steps

Old reclaimed curbing repurposed as steps

D Radius Curbing Transition Piece

Custom piece of curb used to transition two runs of curb where they meet.

Horizon Line

The mark on reclaimed curb made from the weathering process at the tar line.

Split Bottom Riser

The split bottom of first or second generation curbing used as the riser for a step.

Textured Top Curbing

First generation curb made by hand and with hand tools. See also First Generation Curbing.

Textured Top Riser

The top of first generation curb that was hand-tooled to create a textured surface. See also First Generation Curbing.

COBBLESTONE

Cobblestone

A dimensional stone large enough for use in paving. A term commonly used to describe paving blocks,
usually granite, and generally cut or cleft to approximately rectangular prisms.

Full Bed – Half Bed – Thin Cut (European) Cobblestone

European cobblestones are sometimes sliced in half or cut thin for a more cost-effective installation.

Sawn Side Up (European) Cobblestone

Sliced cobblestones can be installed sawn side up, which produces a surface that can be walked on easily with high-heeled shoes. Sawn side, thin cut cobblestones are often used for indoor flooring installations.

Worn Side Up Cobblestone

The most widely used method of installing reclaimed cobblestone is worn side up. The original worn surface, the top of the stone, is installed above the ground. This type of installation produces the historical signature worn look of the old world reclaimed cobble.

Wide Side Up (Domestic) Cobblestone

This is an alternative installation where the cobblestone is turned on its side to cover more area and therefore becomes more cost-effective. In this case, the worn top is hidden on its side.

UNIQUE PIECES

Architectural Elements

The details and component parts that, together, form the architectural style of houses, buildings, and structures.

Bollards

Bollards were originally used at docks to tie up boats. Nowadays you see them to keep cars out of certain areas, or as decorative short posts.

Cheek Stones

The stones on either side of a set of steps.

Cornice

A horizontal decorative molding that crowns a building or room.

Drain Invert

Base or lowest interior part of a street drain.

Hand-split Post

Posts made by hand-splitting granite or other kinds of stone.

Lintel

A horizontal support across the top of a door or window.

Manhole Cover Casing Stone

Large flat stones with a hole cut in the middle, originally placed over a sewer entrance.

Millstone

Flat, circular stones with a chiseled pattern, originally used for grinding grain.

Reclaimed Steps

Reclaimed stone that originally was used as steps.

Threshold

A strip of stone forming the bottom of a doorway and crossed in entering a building or room.

Trough

A long, narrow open container originally used for animals to eat or drink out of. May be repurposed as a planter.

Well Cover Stone

Large flat stones with a hole cut in the middle, originally placed over an artisan well.

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